This French lay is shown by Muller: Nouveau Manuel de Typographie (nd but c.1910) as one of the many models of bas de casse, this one being La Française. The companion Upper is French Upper. The Lower is very similar to Lockwood's 1894 version, except that it has ; in the Lower, and not Upper, case, and * in the Upper case, with w taking its Lower case box. Compared to Lefevre (1880), w has replaced * and ; has replaced 1½pt spaces and ffi has replaced w. Compared to Legros (1916), again w has replaced *, and ffi has replaced w.
Mids are espaces moyennes, hr (hair or thin) spaces are espaces fines, em spaces are cadratins, en spaces demi-cadratins, and quadrats are cadrats. Note that j is in the Upper, and é and ç in the Lower. The Lower lay is similar to Diderot (1751) except that the long s has been dropped, and the w moved from the Upper. Note also the location of the i box. Even as late as 1940, OUP also put i in the box where English/U.S. lays put h.
The empty configuration is the same as Diderot, and differs from English/US cases, eg the style of the ffi and k and — boxes, and the é and . and , boxes.
|Other empty cases|
ie with the boxes left blank
|Other type layouts|
ie with characters assigned to boxes
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and Double Cases
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