Empty English Lower Case


This English typecase configuration is shown by Lockwood: American Dictionary of Printing and Bookbinding (1894). If the boxes on the right hand side, 2nd and 3rd row from top, were four divided boxes, not three as shown, the case would be identical to the normal Lower from the time of Johnson: Typographia (1824) and Hansard: Typographia (1825), onwards (e.g. Southward: Modern Printing (2nd ed 1904 and still in 8th ed 1954) and Tarr: Printing Today (1945) and Cefmor: Printers Equipment & Sundries (1955) and Horsfall & Sons: Startype (1978) and the News Lower of American Printing Equipment & Supply Co: Catalog (1983 and 1987) etc.). Given that even Moxon divided these particular boxes into four, it is possible that the illustration used by Lockwood is wrong.

Note the 8th box from left in the top row is wide, unlike the US Lower, where it is divided into two. The case lay is Lockwood lay, and the companion Upper case remains the pattern used by Moxon.

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ie with the boxes left blank
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This page was written in 2006 by David Bolton and last updated 14 February 2006.