This English typecase lay is that given in Southward: Practical Printing (1882 and still in 5th ed 1900), as the old-fashioned book work lay. The Southward Old lay is the companion Upper.
This is the first time the figures appear in the standard Lower case, although Hazard (Stower 1808 had earlier shown them in a modified case. Although Oldfield and subsequently Tarr, et al., also show figures in the Lower, most of the later versions, e.g. Southward's Improved Lower, keep the figures in the Upper case.
Southward gives this improved lay, and also a Times Office lay, a provincial News lay, and an American lay, and later, in his Modern Printing, he gives different Old Lower and Lower cases.
The empty configuration is shown as Lower case.
|Other empty cases|
ie with the boxes left blank
|Other type layouts|
ie with characters assigned to boxes
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|Notes about Job|
and Double Cases
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