Belgian French Lower Case

kç   é   -'e 12345678
wbc   d    sha
f gh90
zlmni opqflfflemen
xvutspacear ,.quad

This Belgian layout is the Casse Ordinaire bas de casse shown by Dumont: Vade-Mecum du Typographe (1894 and 4th ed 1915), as used at the Brussells School of Typography. It is fairly close to the French Lower of Muller: Nouveau Manuel de Typographie (nd but c.1910), except that em and en spaces take up larger boxes, ffl and fl come down from the Upper, k replaces w and w replaces em rule, and the ; remains in the Upper. The companion Upper is Belgian French Upper.

Hair (or thin) spaces are espace fines, em spaces are cadratins, en spaces demi-cadratins, and quadrats are cadrats. Note that j is in the Upper, and é and ç in the Lower. Note also the location of the i box. Even as late as 1940, OUP also put i in the box where U.K./U.S. lays put h.

The empty case configuration is Lower, and is the same as the Laagen Ascendonica Romein case on view in the Plantin-Moretus Museum.

Other empty cases
ie with the boxes left blank
Other type layouts
ie with characters assigned to boxes
Full Index of layoutsGlossary of terms usedSources of the layoutsIntroduction
Quantities in a fount of typeQuantities in a case of type
Notes about Job
and Double Cases
Notes about Upper casesNotes about Lower casesAlembic home page

This page was written in 1997 by David Bolton and last updated 13 November 2008.